By becoming aware.
Was reading this morning and thought I'd share this:
I think of this in terms of the things that drive decision-making...and sometimes not very good decision-making...Hungry Ghosts
The Hungry Ghosts are probably the most vividly drawn metaphors in the Wheel of Life. Phantom like creatures with withered limbs, grossly bloated bellies and long, thin necks, the Hungry Ghosts in many ways represent a fusion of rage and desire. Tormented by unfulfilled cravings and insatiably demanding of impossible satisfactions, the Hungry Ghosts are searching for gratification for old unfulfilled needs whose time has passed. They are beings who have uncovered a terrible emptiness with themselves, who cannot see the impossibility of correcting something that has already happened. Their ghostlike state represents their attachment to the past.
In addition, these beings, while impossibly hungry and thirsty, cannot drink or eat without causing themselves terrible pain or indigestion. The very attempts to satisfy themselves cause more pain. Their long, thin throats are so narrow and raw that swallowing produces unbearable burning and irritation. Their bloated bellies are in turn unable to digest nourishment; attempts at gratification only yield a more intense hunger and craving. These are beings who cannot take in a present-day, albeit transitory, satisfaction. They remained obsessed with the fantasy of achieving complete release from the pain of their past and are stubbornly unaware that their desire is fantasy. It is this knowledge that such people are estranged from, for their fantasy must be owned as fantasy. The Hungry Ghosts must come in contact with the ghostlike nature of their own longings...
In the traditional depiction of the Wheel of Life, the Bodhisattva of Compassion appears in the Realm of the Hungry Ghosts carrying a bowl filled with objects symbolic of spiritual nourishment. The message is clear: food and drink will not satisfy the unfulfilled needs of this realm. Only the non-judgmental awareness perfected by the Buddha offers relief.
Epstein, Mark, M.D., thoughts without a thinker, 28-9.